Burma and the Bomb - Myanmar’s Ongoing Quest for Nukes

SHARE:

Interest in nuclear energy is fast gaining momentum in South Asia and its immediate neighbourhood. While India and Pakistan have proven nuclear programmes including civil and military, there is a ‘resurgent interest’ in nuclear energy technology in Myanmar. Myanmar aspires to develop nuclear technology and as a developing country, seeks to “narrow the development gap so as not to be marginalized”. Although it has given the alibi of ‘peaceful’ use of nuclear weapons as an alternative source for generating for energy, Myanmar is virtually sitting on a lake of huge offshore oil and natural gas reserves that have the potential to meet its domestic demand for energy in the long future as various global reports show.


Yet, Myanmar has clear ambitions to develop nuclear energy. This raises serious questions about the real motives behind its quest for ‘peaceful’ nuclearisation programmes. Moreover, its “proven” involvement with the rogue regime of North Korea for acquiring nuclear weapons, infamous for running a global ‘nuclear black market’ syndicate may result in possible transfer of technology and technical assistance relating to WMD activities, making it a dangerous liaison that can have global strategic ramifications for nuclear non-proliferation, most notably to the over all security of neigbouring ASEAN nations and India at large.

Myanmar’s interest in nuclear technology can be traced back as early as 1960s when General Ne Win, the then leader of Myanmar, had ordered research and development in nuclear technology. Myanmar physicists and scientists engaged in studies related to nuclear technology and the geologists conducted mining surveys. Interestingly, special aircraft fitted with uranium detection equipments conducted surveys of Upper Myanmar and Kachin state for possible uranium deposits. It is believed that these initiatives may have been prompted by a study conducted by the Imperial Japanese Army in 1940 which had concluded that Korea and Burma had ‘sufficient uranium to make an atomic bomb’. In the 1970s, Myanmar nominated Professor Thein Oo Po Saw to study nuclear physics in Moscow where he ‘developed close ties with Russian nuclear experts’. Significantly, a retired Prof Saw today is the chief scientific advisor to the ruling Myanmar Junta.

Till 1988, Myanmar’s nuclear plans had been shaping well but were suspended soon after the military junta came to power. But in 1996, Myanmar reactivated the Office of Strategic Studies to pursue nuclear infrastructure and in 1998 it passed the Atomic Energy Act that designated the Ministry of Science and Technology as the lead government agency for its nuclear programme.

In 2001, Myanmar announced plans to acquire a nuclear research reactor and approached the IAEA. The IAEA team concluded that Myanmar did not have requisite safety standards and could not be given the approval to proceed with the development of nuclear research reactor. Reportedly, Russia responded positively to Myanmar’s request and agreed to provide the necessary assistance which it has suspended now.

Myanmar is a signatory to the various international treaties (including PTBT, CTBT, NPT et al) that ban nuclear proliferation and its use other than for peaceful purposes under the supervision of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)’s various safeguard agreements in order to prevent it from falling in wrong hands like global terrorist elements or rogue regimes which have the potential to rack havoc in the world leading to chaos and anarchy.

Hence, Burma’s reported quest for seeking nuclear weapons as clearly revealed by clear evidences made by its Major Sai Thein Win, well documented in a 2010 Democratic Voice of Burma (DVB)’s video documentary “Nuclear Ambitions of Myanmar” as well as Swedish journalist and authority on Burmese affairs Bertil Lintner’s well researched document “Burma’s WMD Programme” published in March, 2012. The entire expose by Major Win and DVB has been closely monitored by Robert Kelley, former Director of the IAEA and currently a Consultant cum Nuclear Expert with DVB. All these ‘substantive evidences’ must be taken seriously because as a ASEAN member Myanmar’s seeking nuclear weapons will have a ‘domino effect’ in the region making the entire region a potential ‘nuclear flashpoint’ in near future affecting its overall peace, progress and security.

Above all, the ten members of the ASEAN that included Myanmar too, signed the historic “Southeast Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty” (SEANWFZ), known as ‘Bangkok Treaty’ in 1995. Therefore, Myanmar’s quest for nuclear weapons now will be a death blow to this treaty, apart from its earlier international commitments under the global nuclear non-proliferation regimes as well as regimes on WMDs that includes nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) weapons.

Unless civil nuclear programmes flourish and gain greater acceptability among the ASEAN countries, Myanmar’s ongoing quest for acquiring nuclear weapons, though still in its nascent stage, will inevitably lead to the subsequent nuclearisation of the volatile Southeast Asian region.

To conclude, Myanmar is one of the world’s greatest international tragedies. Nuclear weapons would turn it into one of the world’s greatest international challenges. It is time to try a different approach in an attempt to simultaneously aid political liberalization and end the ongoing talk of ‘Burma and the Bomb’.

Written by Sourabh Jyoti Sharma >>

Sourabh is a pursuing PhD research scholar working on ‘Chinese Navy in Indian Ocean and Strategic Implications for India”, at Department of Political Science, Delhi University.
Name

1965 War,3,66A,2,Aam Aadmi,1,AAP,37,AAP Rift,4,AAPtard,2,Abhishek Manu Singhvi,1,ABP News,1,ABVP,1,Acche Din,3,Achhe Din,2,Acid Attacks,1,Activism,3,Adarsh Liberal,5,Aditi Restaurant,1,Aditya Chaturvedi,5,Advertorial,1,Afghanistan,3,Africa,1,Afzal Guru,1,Agriculture,2,AIADMK,1,AIB Roast,1,Ajmal Kasab,1,Akshay Bhatt,1,Akshay Marathe,4,Akshay Thakre,1,Al Qaeda,2,Alcohol,1,Algeria,1,Alka Gurha,1,Allen George,2,Ambani,1,Amit Shah,2,Amrit Hallan,4,Amrita Rai,1,Analysis,21,Angola,1,Animal Rights,2,Animal Welfare Board of India,1,Aniruddh Chakraborty,1,Anjali Damania,4,Anjana Bhartia,1,Ankit Lal,1,Ankur Baruah,1,Anna Hazare,2,APJ Abdul Kalam,1,App,1,Apsara Iyengar,1,Arab Spring,1,Archived,110,Argentina,1,Argument,32,Arjun Kapoor,1,Arnab Goswami,5,Arpan Mukherjee Das,2,Arpita Biswas,1,Article Review,1,Arun Jaitley,1,Arundhati Roy,1,Arvind Kejriwal,42,Arvind Passey,1,ASEAN,3,Asha Dwarkanath,1,Asha Mirjie,1,Ashutosh,1,Ashutosh Gowarrikar,1,Asia,1,Assam,2,Atal Bihari Vajpayee,1,Atheism,1,AURA,1,Australia,1,Automobile Industry,1,Ayodhya,1,Ayush Verma,1,Babri Masji Demolition,2,Bajrang Dal,1,Balochistan,2,Bangladesh,2,Banking,1,Banned Books,1,Barkha Dutt,1,Beant Singh,1,Beef,5,Beef Ban,3,Beijing,3,Bestiality,1,Bhagat Singh,2,Bhagwad Gita,2,Bhakts,1,Bihar,3,Bizarre,1,BJP,35,Black Money,1,Bodoland,1,Bodos,1,Bollywood,5,Book Review,2,BR Ambedkar,2,Brain Drain,1,Brazil,1,Breaking Bad,1,Bribery,2,BRICS,1,BRP Bhaskar,1,Brundi,1,BSP,1,Buddhism,1,Burhan Wani,1,Burma,1,Business,1,CAG,2,Capital Punishment,1,Capitalism,1,Caste System,7,CBI,2,CBSE,1,CCP,1,CGA,1,Chanakya,1,Chandrajith Bhaskar,1,Charlie Hebdo,3,Chennai,1,Chennai Express,1,Child Abuse,2,Child Rights,1,China,14,Christianity,5,Christians,2,CIA,1,CIC,1,Citylights,1,Civic Sense,3,Civil Liberties,7,Civil Rights,1,Click Bait,1,CNN-IBN,2,Coal Scam,1,ColorsTV,1,Comedy Nights,1,Comics,12,Commentary,37,Communal,10,Communal Harmony,2,Communism,7,Congress,28,Consent,1,Constipation,1,Constitution,7,Construction,1,Contract Labor,1,Controversy,3,Copyright Infringement,1,Corruption,21,Cow,4,Cows,2,CPM,1,Cricket,1,Crime,10,Criminal Candidates,2,Crorepati Candidates,1,Culture,12,Cut to the chase,1,CV Raman,1,Dadri,4,Dalit,3,Daud Ibrahim,1,Death Sentence,1,Debate,2,Decentralisation,1,Deepa Mehta,1,Deepika Padukone,2,Defence,5,Dehradun,1,Delhi,24,Delhi Gangrape,2,Delhi Police,2,Delhi University,2,Democracy,8,Development,7,Digital India,1,Digvijay Singh,3,Dileep Padgaonkar,1,Diplomacy,3,Discipline,1,Discrimination,4,Diversity,4,Divorce Act,1,DMK,1,Documents,1,Domestic Violence,1,Dr Bijoy Bagchi,6,Dr Brook Robinson,1,Dr Munish Kumar Raizada,1,Dr Saumya Ritesh,3,Dr Shelly Dsouza,2,Dr Sukant Khurana,3,Draupadi,1,DRDO,1,Drugs,1,DTC,1,DTPH,1,Earthquake,3,Economy,16,Education,5,Egypt,1,Ekta Rawat,1,Elections,14,English Vinglish,1,Entertainment,5,Environment,3,Equality,6,Ethiopia,1,Europe,1,Explained,1,Exposed,15,Facebook,1,Facts,1,Family,1,Fan Fiction,1,Farmers,7,Favorites,10,FDI,1,Featured,7,Feminism,12,Film Review,3,Finance,1,Focus,6,Food Security Bill,2,Foreign Policy,32,FP,13,France,5,Francois Gautier,1,Freedom,3,Freedom of Speech,4,Friedrich Hayek,1,Fringe,3,Front Page,29,Frontpage,4,Fundamental Rights,1,Gandhi Jayanti,1,Gandhian,1,Gandhis,3,Ganga,1,Gaurav Kumar,1,Gauri Mailekhi,1,Gautam Joshi,1,Gay Rights,5,GDP,2,Geeta,1,Geetika Suicide Case,1,Get Ahead,2,Ghar Vapsi,1,Google,1,Gopal Kanda,1,Gorkhaland,1,Governance,3,Greg JS,1,Guidelines,1,Gujarat,5,Gujarat Riots,5,Gulf,2,Gurmehar Kaur,2,Hadith,2,Hafiz Sayeed,5,Harish Salve,1,Harit Pradesh,1,Harsh Pratap,2,Harshvardhan,1,Hartosh Singh Bal,1,Haryana,2,Hasee Toh Phasee,1,Hate Speech,1,Health,4,Heart Disease,1,Hema Malini,1,Hemant Dubey,4,Highlight,6,Himadrish Suwan,22,Hindi Media,2,Hindu Fringe,5,Hinduism,12,Hindus,12,Hindutva,14,History,11,Homophobia,1,Homosexuality,3,Honor Killing,1,Housing,1,HUJI,1,Human Resource,1,Human Rights,4,Humor,3,Hunger,1,Hurriyat,5,Hyderabad,1,IAC,2,IAEA,1,Ideas,3,Imperialism,1,Incest,1,Independence Day,1,Indian Air Force,1,Indian Army,5,Indian Freedom Movement,2,Indian Media,11,Indian Men,1,Indian Mujaheedin,1,Indian Muslims,1,Indian Navy,3,Indian Ocean,3,Indian Parents,1,Indian Penal Code,1,Indian Police,4,Indian Women,8,Indians,4,IndiaTV,1,Indira Gandhi,1,Indo-China War,1,Indo-Iran,1,Indo-Pacific Region,1,Indo-Pak,7,Indus,1,Industry,1,Infrastructure,3,Inside Voices,1,Insider,4,Intelligence,1,Internet.org,1,IOR,3,IPL,1,Iran,2,Iraq,1,Ishaan Mohan Bagga,43,Ishrat Jahan,1,ISI,3,ISIS,6,Islam,21,Islamic Fundamentalists,4,Islamophobia,2,Israel,2,Issues,8,IT,1,IT Act,1,J&K,7,Jai Dehadrai,1,Jains,1,Jammu,1,Jana Hitwadi,1,Japan,4,Jaswant Singh,1,Jayasankar Ambadi,1,JDU,3,Jihad,4,Jiten Ram Manjhi,1,Jitendra Singh,1,JNU,4,Journalism,4,JP Sundharam,13,JuD,1,Judaism,1,Judges,2,Judiciary,7,Justice,2,Justice Katju,2,Kabul,1,Kamla Nehru Hospital,1,Kandhar,1,Kanu Agrawal,1,Kapil Sharma,1,Kapil Sibal,1,Kapila Hingorani,1,Karan Johar,1,Karan Thapar,1,Karan Tiwari,1,Karavali,1,Kargil War,1,Kartik Dora,1,Kashinath Pandit,6,Kashmir,20,Kashmir Issue,13,Kashmiri Pandits,3,Kashmiris,2,Kerala,2,Kerala Bhavan,1,Keshav Iyengar,2,Khirki Extension,2,Khushwant Singh,1,Kiran Batni,1,Kiran Bedi,2,Kishtwar,1,Kissing,1,KKHH,1,Konkan,1,Koran,5,Kosal,1,Koshika Kejriwal,1,Kothari Brothers,1,KP Nayar,1,Kulbhushan Jadhav,2,Kumar Shyam,1,Kumar Vishwas,1,Kunwar Pranav Singh,1,Kuwait,1,Lalu Prasad,1,Land Acquisition Bill,5,Landslides,1,Language,1,Lavanya Viswanathan,3,Law,13,Law Enforcement,1,Law Ministry,1,Learning English,1,Left Liberals,5,LeT,1,Letters,1,LGBT,5,Liberals,5,Lifehacks,1,Lifestyle,2,Lila Inter-actions,2,LK Advani,1,Lokesh Saxena,1,Lokpal,1,Lokpal Bill,2,Lord Buddha,1,Lord Krishna,1,Lord Ram,1,Love Jihad,1,Madhur Chadha,1,Mahabharat,2,Maharashtra,4,Mahatma Gandhi,3,Mahesh Sharma,1,Make in India,1,Mallika Sarabhai,1,Malnutrition,1,Mani Shankar Aiyyar,2,Manifesto,1,Manish Paul,12,Manish Sisodia,2,Manjhi,1,Manmohan Singh,3,Manohar Lal Khattar,1,Manu,1,Manufacturing,1,Manusmriti,1,Marathwada,1,Maritime,3,Mark Zuckerberg,1,Marriage Act,3,Mayank Gandhi,5,Mayur Jain,1,MCD,2,McDonald,1,MEA,1,Mecca,1,Media,27,Media Review,1,Medical Negligence,1,Meera Bhaynder,1,Mehbooba Mufti,3,Meme,4,Men's Rights,3,Middle-east,2,Migrants,1,Mika Singh,1,Milan Kumar,7,Minorities,1,Misandry,1,Misogyny,8,MMS,1,MNS,1,Moarlity,1,Mohan Bhagwat,2,Mona Singh,1,Morality,9,Mother Teresa,1,Mother Tongue,1,MPs,1,MRA,1,MSG Movie,1,Mulayam Singh,3,Mumbai,4,Municipality,2,Muslim Women,2,Muslims,18,My Story,4,Myanmar,1,Mysore,1,Mythology,2,Nandita Das,1,Nani Palkhivala,1,Narendra Modi,45,Narmada,1,National Security,7,Nationalism,1,Natural Disaster,4,Nature,1,Navbharat Times,1,Navjot Singh Siddhu,1,Nawaz Sharif,3,Naxalism,2,Naxalites,2,NCP,1,NDA,1,NDTV,2,Neha Taneja,1,Nehru,1,Nepal,1,Net Neutrality,1,NGOs,1,NIA,1,Nido Tania,1,Nigeria,2,Nirbhaya,3,Nirmal Baba,1,Nitish Kumar,2,Nobel Prize,1,Non-violence,1,North Korea,2,North-East India,2,Nuclear Bomb,3,Nuclear Power,1,Objectification,1,Oil,5,OLX,1,Olympics,1,On Social Media,1,On TV,2,ONGC,1,Open Letter,17,Opinion,11,Owaisi,1,P Chidambaram,1,Paan,1,Paan Singh Tomar,1,Pakistan,30,Pakistan Army,2,Pakistanis,1,Pappu,1,Parenting,1,Parliament Attack,1,Parsis,2,Partition,1,Passion Crimes,1,PDA,1,PDP,4,Pedophilia,1,Personality,2,Peshawar,1,Petrol,1,Philippines,1,Philosophy,1,PIL,3,POK,2,Police,2,Policy,18,Policy Watch,9,Political,6,Politics,44,Pollution,1,Polyandry,1,Polygamy,1,Poorvanchal,1,Populism,1,Pornography,3,Poverty,8,Prakash Gowda,5,Prakash Sharma,7,Prannoy Roy,1,Prashant Bhushan,11,Pre Poll Survey,1,Pritish Nandy,1,Priyanka Gandhi,1,Prophet Mohammad,2,Psecularism,7,Public Safety,1,Punjab,1,Punjabis,1,Quotes,1,Racism,1,Raghav Gakhar,2,Rahul Gandhi,14,Rahul Sharma,1,Rahul Singh,1,Rajaram Balajee,1,Rajat Sharma,1,Rajdeep Sardesai,1,Rajguru,1,Rakhi Sawant,1,Ram Mandir,1,Ramayan,1,Ramjas College,1,Ranbir Kapoor,1,Ranveer Singh,1,Rape,18,Rashamohan Singh,1,Ravi Kulkarni,2,Ravi Srivastava,1,Ravish Kumar,1,RAW,1,Real Estate,4,Recall,2,Reforms,2,Regional Cancer Center,1,Relationships,1,Reliance,1,Religion,14,Religious Conversion,3,Renaissance,1,Republic,6,Republic Day,1,Research,3,Reservation,3,Review,5,Richa Paul,1,Right Wing,3,Riots,3,Road Rage,1,Road Safety,3,Roads,1,Robert Vadra,1,Rohit Aggarwal,1,Rohit Nigam,1,Rohit Shetty,1,Rohith Vemula,1,RSS,9,RTI,6,Rural,6,Russia,8,S Ravi,1,Sagarika Ghose,1,Sahajanya Balaganesh,2,Sakshi Maharaj,1,Salil Desai,1,Salman Khan,1,Samajwadi Party,3,Sameer Khan,1,Sangeet Som,1,Sanitation,2,Sanjay Joshi,1,Sanjeev Kumar,1,Satire,22,Saudi Arabia,3,Saurashtra,1,Schedule Caste,4,Science,1,Section 377,4,Secularism,10,Sedition,1,Seemandhra,1,Selfie,1,Sensationalism,1,Separatist,9,Sex Ratio,1,Sex Tape,1,Sex-Ed,1,Sexist,10,Sexual Abuse,4,Sexual Harassment,4,Shabana Azmi,1,Shabnam Latiwala,1,Shahrukh Khan,1,Shamim Zakaria,6,Shana Sood,2,Shashi Tharoor,1,Shashwati Goswami,1,Shastras,1,Shefali Vaidya,2,Sheila Dikshit,1,Shias,1,Shimla Accord,1,Shirish Asthana,2,Shiv Sena,2,Shoma Chaudhury,1,Short Takes,1,Shorts,2,Shruti Seth,1,Shweta Gurjar,1,Siddharth Rathod,1,Sidebar,12,Sikh Riots,1,Sikhs,1,Sleazy Reporting,1,Smart Cities,1,Smita Mukerji,1,Snadeal,1,Snoop Gate,1,Social Media,2,Social Responsibility,1,Socialism,3,Societal,12,Society,30,Soft Drinks,1,Somnath Bharti,4,Somu Kumar,1,Sonia Gandhi,5,Sourabh Jyoti Sharma,18,South Africa,1,South Asia,3,South China Sea,2,South Korea,1,South-Indians,1,Soviet Union,1,SP,1,Speech Excerpts,1,Spirituality,1,Spitters,1,Sports,1,SRCC,1,Sreesanth,1,Students,1,Study Abroad,1,Subramanian Swamy,1,Sudheendra Kulkarni,1,Sufis,1,Sukhdev,1,Sumanth G Rao,1,Sumnesh Salodkar,1,Sunanda Pushkar,1,Supreme Court,8,Surya Solanki,2,Sushant Taing,1,Sushma Swaraj,3,Swachh Bharat Abhiyan,1,Swami Vivekananda,1,Swaraj,3,Syria,1,Taiwan,1,Tapas Mohanty,3,Tarun Tejpal,1,Tathagat Khandelwal,3,Taxation,1,Technology,1,Tehelka,1,Telangana,1,Terrorism,26,Thane,1,The Economist,1,The Hindus,1,The Telegraph,1,Third Front,1,Thoughts,8,Tibet,2,Tiger Memon,1,Times Group,1,Times Now,4,Times of India,2,Tina Jindal,1,Traffic Rules,1,Transgender,1,Trending,226,Trends,1,Trina Nileena Banerjee,1,Trolls,1,Twitter,1,Ugly Truth,2,UK,2,UN,1,Unauthorised Colonies,1,Uniform Civil Code,2,UP,1,UPA,9,US,2,USA,7,Uttar Pradesh,5,Uttarakhand,2,V Jaganmohan,1,Vansh Saluja,1,Varun Tangri,1,Ved Pratap Vaidik,1,Ved Pratap Vedik,1,Vedanta,1,VHP,2,Vidya Subrahmaniam,1,Vidyut Kale,5,Vietnam,1,Vijay Goel,1,Vineeta Tiwari,1,Vir Das,1,Virat Kohli,2,Vishesh Kashyap,4,Vitthal Radadiya,1,Vladimir Putin,1,Vote Bank,1,Voter,1,VVIPs,2,Wahhabism,3,War,2,Water,1,Weapons,5,Wendy Doniger,1,Women,14,Women Empowerment,13,Women Safety,12,World,3,World War II,1,WTO,1,Xi Jinping,1,Yakub Memon,2,Yogendra Yadav,10,Yogi Adityanath,1,Zahoor Ahmed Wani,1,Zakir Naik,1,Zimbabwe,1,
ltr
item
Indian Exponent: Burma and the Bomb - Myanmar’s Ongoing Quest for Nukes
Burma and the Bomb - Myanmar’s Ongoing Quest for Nukes
https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-DzKpYoYsXYk/VRsEyNyq61I/AAAAAAAAA64/4qtoxlMMvmk/s1600/Burma-Nuclear.jpg
https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-DzKpYoYsXYk/VRsEyNyq61I/AAAAAAAAA64/4qtoxlMMvmk/s72-c/Burma-Nuclear.jpg
Indian Exponent
http://www.indianexponent.com/2014/06/burma-and-the-bomb-analyzing-myanmar-ongoing-quest-for-nukes.html
http://www.indianexponent.com/
http://www.indianexponent.com/
http://www.indianexponent.com/2014/06/burma-and-the-bomb-analyzing-myanmar-ongoing-quest-for-nukes.html
true
2092170621401459056
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS CONTENT IS PREMIUM Please share to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy