Natural disasters strike when you're least expecting them. Earthquake is one such natural disaster which cannot be predicted, is quick and is destructive. The more organised you are, the better you can handle yourself in emergencies. A little pro-activeness can sometimes be the difference between life and death.
A. In earthquake prone areas, NIGHTS can be especially dangerous.Not only that you're asleep and may not realize when the earthquake strikes - but even when you wake up, you may not have enough time to get yourself safe. For this, you must make this simple earthquake alarm using simple house utensils. Keep this on a flat surface, away from the wind, and it'll wake you by making a big sound if the quake strikes.
|Simple Homemade Earthquake Alarm - Use for steel glasses and one small steel plate in this setup |
to make a night-time earthquake alarm.
B. Prepare an EMERGENCY KITYou can quickly carry this kit with you and leave your house for a safer place. Remember you must only pack the most important stuff, you don't want your heavy kit to slow you down.
This emergency bag should contain,
1. MEDICINE SUPPLIESa. First-aid supplies - savlon bottle, bandages, cotton roll etc.
b. Basic medicines - paracetamol, antibiotics etc
c. Necessary medicines - heart, asthma etc, whatever applies
d. For women, sanitary pads, meftal-spaz
e. For hygiene - Tissue roll, Hand-sanitizer etc
2. SAFETY SUPPLIESa. Multipurpose fold-able knife
b. Battery powered flashlight
c. Battery powered radio
d. Simple cellphone - whose battery lasts longer
e. A lighter, so you can make fire, if needed
3. IMPORTANT DOCUMENTSa. Put your passport, pan-card, property documents and other important documents in a water-proof pouch
b. Put your debit / credit cards, some cash in a water-proof pouch
c. Secure your expensive jewelry into something which doesn't attract attention
4. FOOD SUPPLIESa. Some biscuit packets
b. Small water bottles
c. Multi-vitamin Tabs
d. Baby-food (if you have infants)
C. Other preparation for areas which are earthquake prone1. Don't keep heavy objects on shelves (which can fall on your head)
2. Learn basic first aid, which you can use in emergencies
3. Make up a plan on where to meet your family after an earthquake
4. Invest in helmets for each person, that you can wear during evacuation
D. What to do DURING an earthquake1. Stay calm! If you’re indoors, stay inside. If you’re outside, stay outside.
2. If you’re indoors, stand against a wall near the center of the building, stand in a doorway, or crawl under heavy furniture (a desk or table). Stay away from windows and outside doors.
3. If you’re outdoors, stay in the open away from power lines or anything that might fall. Stay away from buildings (stuff might fall off the building or the building could fall on you).
4. Don’t use matches, candles, or any flame. Broken gas lines and fire don’t mix.
5. If you’re in a car, stop the car and stay inside the car until the earthquake stops.
6. Don’t use elevators (they’ll probably get stuck).
E. What to Do After an Earthquake?1. Check yourself and others for injuries. Provide first aid for anyone who needs it.
2. Check water, gas, and electric lines for damage. If any are damaged, shut off the valves. Check for the smell of gas. If you smell it, open all the windows and doors, leave immediately.
3. Turn on the radio. Don’t use the phone unless it’s an emergency.
4. Stay out of damaged buildings.
5. Be careful around broken glass and debris. Wear boots or sturdy shoes to keep from cutting your feet.
6. Stay away from beaches. Tsunamis sometimes hit after the ground has stopped shaking.
7. Stay away from damaged areas.
8. If you’re at school or work, follow the emergency plan or the instructions of the person in charge.
9. Expect aftershocks.