Sufi origins of Indian IslamIslam in India was spread by Sufis like Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti Ajmeri RA, Hazrat Sabir Kaliyari RA, Hazrat Haji Ali, Hazrat Makhdoom Shah Mahimi, Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya, Hazrat Waris Pak RA, etc. Hence, Indian Muslims, since the beginning, were always peaceful and adjusting (except the some in the ruling class).
Remember, these incidences of Sufis were all very early, much before Britishers, Marathas or Mughals.
Then came Britishers and their supremacist takeover of as much of the world as they could. They had a war, World War I, whose main target in Arabia was the fall of Ottoman Caliphate.
How Saudis corrupted Islam in the name of purityBritish had to install a puppet rule in Arabia, for which they chose Ibn Saud as the political face and Ibn Abdul Wahhab Najdi as the religious face.
Ibn Abdul Wahhab was conditioned to preach extremism and literal interpretation of Islam. He used to preach Ibn Saud’s Army and his own disciples that he and his co-ideologues are the only true Muslims and other people of Arabia are only namesake Muslims, they have become polytheistic (which was obviously false allegation) and deserve to be killed.
This is the ideology that helped Ibn Saud’s Army to take over Kaba and become the ruler of Al Hijaz (the province which contained Mecca and Medina). Since then, this ideology was referred to as Wahhabism, or Al-Wahhabiyya. All this happened circa WWI which was around 1920s or so.
Prophet foretold satanic WahhabismThere is a Hadith in Sahih Bukhari (and many other Sahis) which roughly translates into that a man of Najd (current day Riyadh) requested Prophet to pray for prosperity of Najd, Prophet instead prayed for Syria and Yemen, and this happened thrice. When other companions curiously questioned Prophet’s denial of prayer for Najd, Prophet said that there will rise a fitnah (mischief) from Najd. In another Hadith Prophet is reported to have referred to Najd as (abode of) Satan’s horn.
It is recorded that Ibn Abdul Wahhab’s brother kicked him out of the house due to his heretic ideology and said “Verily you are the Devil’s horn that my Prophet talked about!”
Now this ideology was gaining traction, Britishers began pumping money to spread this hate filled ideology which was partly responsible for partition. After partition, Pakistan remained in the grip of this ideology and its influence began to skyrocket a couple of years later with the rule (rather I should say dictatorship) of Zia ul Haq.
The percentage of people who adhere and swear by this extremist ideology is pretty high in other muslim populations compared to India, which is why Indian muslims rarely get attracted towards terrorism. India is mostly Sufi and Pakistan is mostly Wahhabi. All the hate mongering Muslims are adherents of this ideology or any of its offshoots like Ahl ul Hadees, Salafi etc.
Reality of Zakir Naik, and I used to be fanBeing an ex-fan of Zakir Naik I know exactly what he is about.
He first used to project himself as a person who only abides to what is written in Qur’an and Hadiths. I thought that was so cool. But soon I discovered that he too is an ideologue (being an ideologue is nothing wrong, but being an ideologue of a mislead ideology is certainly very bad).
I discovered it in one of his QA sessions when someone asked a question to which there were many different opinions of ulamas (scholars) and he said “there is a difference of opinions but I tend to lean towards the verdict and opinion of Shaykh Bin Baaz, Nasiruddin Albani, Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Abdul Aziz etc.” All these had one thing in common, they are all Saudi!
I recognized that he is just a Wahhabi in disguise, he is camouflaging himself as an evangelist in order to lure uninformed and religious illiterate Muslims towards Wahhabism.
He is a Wahhabi, I now know that and this fact is enough for me to hate him. India being a land of Sufis cannot tolerate such a Wahhabi. We have seen a lot of protests against Zakir Naik from Muslims in Mumbai and all over India.
I guess, like every cult, right or wrong, he too has his following and they are pressing hard to gather support and sympathy in the name of ittehad (unity of Muslims) but Muslims, beware, unity is possible with non-Muslims but not with Hypocrites like him.
In Hyderabad and Kerala Wahhabism is gaining ground. Though, keep in mind that India has 200 Million Muslims, assuming that just 10% are Wahhabis makes 20 Million Wahhabi leaning muslims, that is a huge lot to make things worse and they are making it worse indeed.
Though, Hindu extremism is real. Government and opposition are both very strongly reacting against all kinds of extremism. It makes me happy to see Modi lining up with the Sufis. I notice that after the first International Sufi Conference the influence of Sufism has increased in public in media and in entertainment. The 3 best sources of influence that is. So, there's hope that future can be better, but we need to be extremely vigilant.